Evolution of Individual Group Size Preference Can Increase Group-Level Selection and Cooperation
Watson, Richard A. (2011). Evolution of Individual Group Size Preference Can Increase Group-Level Selection and Cooperation. In: Kampis, G.,
Szathmáry, E. (Eds.) Advances in Artificial Life. Darwin Meets von Neumann. Lecture Notes in Computer Science., 5778/2011, () ( ed.). (pp. 53-60). : . Springer.
The question of how cooperative groups can evolve and be maintained is fundamental to understanding the evolution of social behaviour in general, and the major transitions in particular. Here, we show how selection on an individual trait for group size preference can increase variance in fitness at the group-level, thereby leading to an increase in cooperation through stronger group selection. We are thus able to show conditions under which a population can evolve from an initial state with low cooperation and only weak group selection, to one where group selection is a highly effective force.
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The Bio-Inspired Algorithms group within the Centre for Algorithms, Visualisation and Evolving Systems is a large and thriving group with interests in nature-inspired computing that include Evolutionary Computing, Hyper-Heuristics, Artificial Immune Systems and Swarm Intelligence.