Adrian Smales

Research Fellow

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Adrian has extensive industry experience, including Lexmark and with the Natural History Museum. His current work relates to using Big Data for the early signs of illness.

A key objective of any health care system is not only to overcome illnesses as it happens, but to be able to predict the early on-set of illness. The proposed research will develop and extend the current study into Frailty encompassing not only clinical factors, but economic, environmental and social factors.  Current estimates suggest that 7% of the population over 65 years of age exhibit signs of frailty.

This research aims to create a new paradigm in understanding, predicting and controlling the major contributing factors of frailty. Current quantificational assessment "accumulation of deficit" encapsulates the severity as a single metric known as the Frailty Index. The index method is inadequate for prediction and does not provide any detail into the underlying causes of the frailty condition once the index is compiled.

A proposed "Frailty Framework" extends the ability of clinicians and social care to engage patients identified at risk using medical & socioeconomic factors and provides predictive and preventative interventions, controlling the major contributory conditions that lead to frailty.

The work addresses the research aim by applying a wide range of risk assessors for Frailty, in order to determine the critical point at which someone is becoming ill, and put in-place intervention plans. The collaboration with CM2000 and SAS will apply predictive analytics and Big Data techniques to identify the factors which affect the Frailty outcome.

Researching Big Data, Cloud Processing and integrating mobile in a community health care setting.
 
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Areas of Expertise link icon

  • Cyber-Security
    Electronic information now plays a vital role in almost every aspect of our daily lives. So the need for a secure and trustworthy online infrastructure is more important than ever. without it, not only the growth of the internet but our personal interactions and the economy itself could be at risk.
  • eHealth
    The way healthcare is delivered changes rapidly. The reasons are demographic and societal changes, austerity and rapid progressive technologies. Care models are shifting from specialist oriented hospital based to distributed, patient centred care.
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a.smales@napier.ac.uk

+44 (0)131 455

Room D40
Merchiston Campus
10 Colinton Road
Edinburgh
EH10 5DT

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    Recent Projects

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    PhD Project Involvement

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    Adrian Smales (PhD 2013-)
    Cloud-based e-health: utilising a frailty framework to identify early signs of illness. The "Frailty Framework" is the development of a next generation health assessment and predictive analysis system. It will integrate clinical assessment instruments from InterRAI with a cloud-based...
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    Recent Publications

    Buchanan, W., Smales, A. (2015, ). Cyber Security in Practice: Identifying areas of vulnerability. Paper presented at Scot-Secure 2015, Holyrood, Edinburgh.

    Buchanan, W., Ramsay, B., Macfarlane, R., Smales, A., keane, e., callahan, c., Blazic, B., Popov, O. (2015, August). Evaluation of the DFET Cloud. Paper presented at Cybercrime Forensics Education and Training (CFET) conference, Canterbury.

    Buchanan, W., Smales, A. (2015, April). New forensic investigation and training methods in a virtual environment (cloud) (D-FET project). Paper presented at Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism - the EU Research roadmap, Montpellier, France.

    Buchanan, W., Ramsay, B., Macfarlane, R., Smales, A., Russell, G. (2015). Teaching Penetration and Malware Analysis in a Cloud-based Environment. In: (Ed.) Proceedings of the 1st Uk Workshop on Cybersecurity Training & Education, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). : . .

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    Supervised dissertations

    Resources

    PhD Research: Frailty Framework Resource
    A key objective of any health care system is not only to overcome illnesses as it happens, but to be able to predict the early on-set of illness. The proposed research will develop and extend the current study into Frailty encompassing not only clinical factors, but economic, environmental and...
    Keywords: big data, security