eparticipation ()


Knitted Memes
Exploring the emotional resonance of digital photos, shared via social media posts, in the context of local democracy. Specifically, the study focuses on reactions to knitted and crocheted banners which have appeared within several place-based campaigns in Edinburgh.
digiCC workshops
A programme of four workshops on making the most of the internet for Community Councillors, funded by the Scottish Government. This follows on from the successful workshop we held in January The primary purpose of this programme is to extend networking, problem elucidation and solving opportunities...
Emergent ICT strategies for local democracy: capturing innovation
Building on previous research into the factors underlying CCs’ online performances, this work will investigate changes across Scotland and in individual Local Authorities. By refreshing the 2012 survey of CC online presences, this project will add depth and strength to our research effort in the...
This project will use PACT Analysis to evaluate the User Experience (UX) requirements throughout Trucomment's value chain, and identify and prioritise technical enhancements. We aim to apply emerging social media business models, UX trends for online journalism, and related issues in internet...
HUWY: Hub Website for Youth Participation
The HUWY project aims to support young people’s eParticipation in policies about the Internet and its governance, through a distributed discussion. HUWY partners provide information, support and organise influential audiences for young people’s suggestions.
The project aimed to establish a communication and information management network to increase democratic engagement in the Western Balkans. The network was managed by the National News Agencies in Albania, Macedonia and Serbia as they began to take on new roles during accession to the EU.
e-Participation Scotland Baseline
A one day event to: Bring people and organisations together and establish their current skills and needs.Share knowledge about current and future e-participation projects and opportunities; establish common and complementary areas of interest.Facilitate partner matching for future initiatives...
E-petitioner for the Scottish Parliament
The ITC has been working with the Scottish Parliament since 1999, researching the design and management of an electronic petitioning system for the Public Petitions Committee of the Parliament. We have had a formal contract with The Scottish Parliament from November 2002 to 2005 to provide a hosted...
e-Community Councils
In February 2004 the ITC received funding from the Scottish Executive to investigate how technology could be developed to help regenerate democracy at the local community level. Community councils are at the heart of local government in Scotland.
Under the ODPM National Local eDemocracy Project (www.e-dem.info), the ITC is working with the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Bristol City Council to investigate how local authorities can support active participation through e-petitioning.
The ITC is creating on-line materials and carrying out social research for the Ur'say channel. This includes developing new action-research models for on-line facilitation and moderation of on-line discussion fora and exploring the development of democratic participation and consultation models...
Information Literacy for Democratic Engagement (IL-DEM)
The findings of this research will contribute to strategies to improve citizen engagement in the democratic process at community level. Its main aims are: 1. To evaluate how Community Councillors (1) access and understand information on their duties and rights; (2) keep up to date with local...
Hyperlocal engagement
This was a seed research project funded by the CCN+ that investigated digital engagement by three neighbouring Scottish Community Councils (CCs) in a distinct area of a Scottish city. Previous surveys in 2012 and 2014 had shown that CCs generally do not use the internet well to engage with their...
Community Council Location Finder
The project built a proof-of concept website to allow users to search for nearby Community Councils, and learn which are currently functional. This project was funded as a proof-of-concept by the Improvement Service and implemented by IIDI associate Dr Bruce Ryan.
ALISS: System Review
This IIDI project, ALISS: System Review is led by Alistair Lawson of CDCS and Peter Cruickshank of CSI. ALISS is developing a platform to make information about local sources of support more accessible, in order to help people in Scotland make informed choices about and manage their health and...
Euro Petition
An EU-funded project a trans-European Local Authority e-participation service providing distributed citizen engagement and interaction with the European Parliament's PETI Petitions Committee and the European Citizens Initiative. ITC is providing the evaluation function.
E-democracy Services for Highland Youth Voice
ITC are working with Highland Youth Voice (a democratically elected assembly for young people in the Highland Region) in the development of a suite of e-democracy tools for their website. The current phase of this projects runs from 2005 to 2007 and seeks to expand use and efficacy of the website:...
ITC are working with the Petitions Committee of the German Bundestag to research and report on e-engagement using the e-Petitioner tool in order to support their Public Petitions agenda. We have taken our existing e-Petitioner System, and redesigned it in collaboration with their Online Services...
How can Local Authorities be sure that eDemocracy works? How can they be sure that they are using the right e-enabled tool for the job and that the use of these tools will result in effective input to the democratic process? And what about citizens?
e-engaging young Scotland on radioactive waste management
The ITC is being funded by the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department (SEERAD) to research appropriate tools and techniques to engage young people in their continuing dialogue on radioactive waste management.


Peter Cruickshank
+44 131 455 2309
Ella Taylor-Smith
Senior Research Fellow
+44 131 455 2392
John Morrison
Programme Leader & Lecturer
+44 131 455 2763


Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B. (2016). Digital engagement workshops for Community Councils and Registered Tenant Organisations. IIDI.

Ryan, B., Cruickshank, P. (2016). Digital engagement workshop for Community Councils: Glasgow 2016 Report. IIDI.

Taylor-Smith, E., Smith, C. (2016). Non-public eParticipation in Social Media Spaces. In: Gruzd, A., Jacobson, J., Mai, P., Ruppert, E., Murthy, D. (Eds.) Proceedings of SMSociety '16, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). : . ACM.

Taylor-Smith, E. (2016). Participation Space Studies: a socio-technical exploration of activist and community groups’ use of online and offline spaces to support their work (PhD). (Smith, C., Smyth, M., Davenport, E.).

Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B. (2015). The Communities of Practice model for understanding digital engagement by hyperlocal elected representatives. In: Tambouris, E., Janssen, M., Wimmer, M. (Eds.) Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, 22, () ( ed.). (pp. 11-18). : . IOS Press.

Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., Smith, C. (2014). 'Hyperlocal e-democracy'? The experience of Scotland's Community Councils. In: Parycek, P., Edelmann, N. (Eds.) CeDEM14 Proceedings, , () (2014 ed.). (pp. 73-84). Krems, Austria: . Edition Donau-Universität Krems.

Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., Smith, C. (2014). Disconnected Democracy? A Survey Of Scottish Community Councils’ Online Presences. Scottish Affairs, 23, (4), 486-507.

Lazar, J., Barbosa, S., Gulliksen, J., McEwan, T., Normand, L., Palanque, P., Prates, R., Tsai, J., Winckler, M., Wulf, V. (2013). Workshop on engaging the human-computer interaction community with public policymaking internationally. In: (Ed.) In CHI '13 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI EA '13), , () ( ed.). (pp. 3279-3282). Paris, France: . ACM New York, NY, USA.

Taylor-Smith, E. (2013). Review of Facebook Democracy. The Architecture of Disclosure and the Threat to Public Life by J.Marichal. Information Polity, 18, (4), 367-370.

Edelmann, N., Cruickshank, P. (2012). Introducing Psychological Factors into E-Participation Research. In: Manoharan, A., Holzer, M. (Eds.) E-Governance and Civic Engagement: Factors and Determinants of E-Democracy, , () ( ed.). (pp. 338-361). Hershey, PA.: . IGI Global Publishing.

Kimpeler, S., Lindner, R., Taylor-Smith, E., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P. (2012, July 2012). Supporting young people's political participation through distributed discussion - lessons obtained from an EU pilot. Paper presented at IPSA World Congress, Madrid, Spain.

Ryan, B., Cruickshank, P. (2012). Scottish Community Councils online: a survey. , (), ..

Taylor-Smith, E., Kimpeler, S., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P. (2012). Distributed discussion: an integrated eParticipation model for engaging young people in technology policy. In: Charalabidis, Y., Koussouris, S. (Eds.) Empowering Open and Collaborative Governance, , () ( ed.). (pp. 181-198). Berlin Heidelberg: . .

Taylor-Smith, E. (2012). Participation Spaces. In: Scholl, H., Flak, L., Janssen, M., Macintosh, A., Sæbø, Ø., Tambouris, E., Moe, C., Wimmer, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of Fourth international conference on eParticipation (ePart 2012), , () ( ed.). (pp. 223-230). Kristiansand, Norway: . Trauner.

Cruickshank, P., Smith, C. (2011). Understanding the 'E-Petitioner'. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 5, (4), 319-329.

Kimpeler, S., Lehner, C., Lindner, R., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P., Taylor-Smith, E. (2011). HUWY D7.4 Results. , (), ..

Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P., Taylor-Smith, E., Kimpeler, S. (2011, September). Youth Participation Through Distributed Discussion. Paper presented at 5th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, Tallinn, Estonia.

Taylor-Smith, E., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P., Visnapuu, T., Vister, B., Kimpeler, S. (2011). HUWY D6.1. Engagement and Impact Criteria. , (), ..

Taylor-Smith, E., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P., Visnapuu, T. (2011). HUWY D6.2. User engagement report. , (), ..

Taylor-Smith, E., Gibson, G., Kimpeler, S., O’Kane, F., McCusker, P., Rößler, A., Visnapuu, T. (2011). HUWY D7.3. Sustainability and Scalability Plan. , (), ..

Cruickshank, P., Edelmann, N., Smith, C. (2010). Signing a an e-petition as a transition from lurking to participation. In: Chappellet, J., Glassey, O., Janssen, M., Macintosh, A., Scholl, J., Tambouris, E., Wimmer, M. (Eds.) Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, , () (2010 ed.). (pp. 275-282). Linz, Austria: . Trauner.

Duff, A. (2010). The age of access? Information policy and social progress. In: Negrine, R. (Ed.) Communications Policy: Theories and Issues, , () ( ed.). (pp. 49-64). London: . Palgrave Publishers.

Gibson, G., McCusker, P., Taylor-Smith, E. (2010, June). Online Tools and their Impact on Young People. Paper presented at ECEG 2010 10th European Conference on eGovernment, University of Limerick, Ireland.

Taylor-Smith, E. (2010, December). eParticipation to support the Information Society. Paper presented at ePractice workshop on eParticipation, European Commission, Brussels.

Taylor-Smith, E., Lindner, R. (2010). Social networking tools supporting constructive involvement throughout the policy-cycle. In: Parycek, P., Prosser, A. (Eds.) Proceedings of EDEM 2010 - Conference on Electronic Democracy, May 7-8, 2010, Danube-University Krems, Austria, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Vienna, Austria: . Austrian Computer Society.

Taylor-Smith, E., Cruickshank, P. (2010, October). Web 2.0 for Collaborative Production. Paper presented at Digital Futures 2010, Nottingham, UK.

Duff, A. (2009, ). The Rawls-Tawney theorem and the political economy of cyberspace. Paper presented at Cyberspace 2009, 7th Annual Conference, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Taylor-Smith, E., Buckner, K. (2009). Designing e-Participation with Balkan journalists. JeDEM: eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government, 1, (1), .

Taylor-Smith, E., O'Kane, F., Rutherford, A. (2009). HUWY D2.1 Requirements Specification. , (), ..

Taylor-Smith, E., O'Kane, F., Newman, D. (2009). HUWY D3.1 Content. , (), ..

Taylor-Smith, E., Lindner, R. (2009). Using Social Networking Tools to Promote eParticipation Initiatives. In: Prosser, A., Parycek, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of EDEM 2009 - Conference on Electronic Democracy, September 7-8, 2009, Vienna, , () ( ed.). (pp. 115 -121). Vienna: . Austrian Computer Society.

Duff, A. (2008). The normative crisis of the information society. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace , 2, (1), Article 3.

Taylor-Smith, E., Buckner, K. (2008). Designing e-Participation with Balkan Journalists v1. In: Parycek, P., Prosser, A. (Eds.) EDem08 E-Democracy Conference, 29th – 30th September 2008, Danube University Krems, Austria, , () ( ed.). (pp. 135 - 144). Vienna: . Austrian Computer Society.

Macintosh, A. (2006). eParticipation in Policy-making: the research and the challenges. In: Cunningham, P. Cunningham & M. (Ed.) Exploiting the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications and Case Studies, , () ( ed.). (pp. 364-369). : . IOS press.

Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2006). Evaluating how eParticipation changes local democracy. In: Irani, Z., Ghoneim, A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the eGovernment Workshop 2006, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). : . .

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2006). Organised use of e-democracy tools for young people. In: Wimmer, M., Scholl, H., Grönlund, Å., Anderson, K. (Eds.) Electronic Government: Communications of the Fifth International EGOV Conference 2006, , () ( ed.). (pp. 260-267). Berlin, Germany: . Springer-Verlag.

Macintosh, A., Smith, E., Whyte, A. (2005). E-Consultation, Controversy and Youth. In: Cunningham, P., Cunningham, M. (Eds.) Innovation and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Application, Case Studies;, , () ( ed.). (pp. 730-737). Slovenia: . IOS Press.

Masters, Z., Macintosh, A., Smith, E. (2004). Young People and E-Democracy: Creating a Culture of Participation. In: (Ed.) Proceedings of Third International Conference in E-Government, EGOV 2004, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Berlin, Germany: . Springer-Verlag.

Macintosh, A., Robson, E., Smith, E., Whyte, A. (2003). Electronic Democracy and Young People. Social Science Computer Review, 21, (1), 43-54.

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2003). Culture and context in an online voting system for young people. In: Duquenoy, P., Fischer-Hubner, S., Hovast, J., Zuccato, A. (Eds.) IFIP Summer School: 'Risks and Challenges of the Network Society', , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Karlstad, Sweden: . .

Smith, E., Macintosh, A. (2003). E-voting: the powerful symbol of e-democracy. In: (Ed.) DEXA 2003, the 2nd International Conference on Electronic Government - EGOV 2003, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Prague, Czech Republic: . DEXA.

Whyte, A. (2003, September 2003). Conversations with Non-Human Actors in E-Democracy. Paper presented at ECSCW e-Democracy Workshop, Helsinki, Finland.

Macintosh, A., Smith, E. (2002). Citizen Participation in Public Affairs. In: Traunmuller, R., Lenk, K. (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science, , () ( ed.). (pp. 256-264). : . Springer-Verlag.

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2002). Invisibility Vs Transparency. In: (Ed.) 16th British HCI Conference London, 2, () (2 ed.). (pp. 166-70). London, UK: . .