Information Society ()


ESRC Information Science pathway
The ESRC Information Science Pathway is one of 24 accredited training pathways within the Scottish ESRC Doctoral Training Centre (DTC) of the Scottish Graduate School of Social Science (SGSSS). This is part of a £20 million investment in the UK's largest DTC, which awards 65 studentships to...
This project will use PACT Analysis to evaluate the User Experience (UX) requirements throughout Trucomment's value chain, and identify and prioritise technical enhancements. We aim to apply emerging social media business models, UX trends for online journalism, and related issues in internet...
Dirt School are looking to develop their digital platform, and find new ways of teaching students. They have a requirement for a digital teaching solution that will use innovative video features to allow students to compare their own videos of techniques to pre-recorded video examples.
Power, Information, Opinion: Walter Lippmann in the Post-Industrial Era
£1,350 has been awarded for a scholarly study of relevance of the ideas of US columnist Lippmann for the computer age. The funding, from Carnegie, is to support a week with the Lippmann papers housed at Yale University Library.
HUWY: Hub Website for Youth Participation
The HUWY project aims to support young people’s eParticipation in policies about the Internet and its governance, through a distributed discussion. HUWY partners provide information, support and organise influential audiences for young people’s suggestions.
e-Participation Scotland Baseline
A one day event to: Bring people and organisations together and establish their current skills and needs.Share knowledge about current and future e-participation projects and opportunities; establish common and complementary areas of interest.Facilitate partner matching for future initiatives...
E-petitioner for the Scottish Parliament
The ITC has been working with the Scottish Parliament since 1999, researching the design and management of an electronic petitioning system for the Public Petitions Committee of the Parliament. We have had a formal contract with The Scottish Parliament from November 2002 to 2005 to provide a hosted...
e-Community Councils
In February 2004 the ITC received funding from the Scottish Executive to investigate how technology could be developed to help regenerate democracy at the local community level. Community councils are at the heart of local government in Scotland.
Under the ODPM National Local eDemocracy Project (, the ITC is working with the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Bristol City Council to investigate how local authorities can support active participation through e-petitioning.
The ITC is creating on-line materials and carrying out social research for the Ur'say channel. This includes developing new action-research models for on-line facilitation and moderation of on-line discussion fora and exploring the development of democratic participation and consultation models...
The main objective of the project is to help public authority employees to design, deliver and maintain electronic services. They will do this through use of the SmartGov software platform that is being developed in the project.
This project seeks to develop a digital magazine concept as a means of differentiation and to satisfy the perceived demand for customised additional content such as event reviews, images, video and news items on performers, venues and genres.
Context The Bay Fish and Chips, (The Bay) has a reputation for sustainability and quality. Not only has the company won several awards for its work, it also has an established social media presence and supplier network. The Bay is also involved in educational outreach work and the business case for...
Context The nature of sport drives people to improve, develop and better their own performances. To do this effectively means hiring a coach but often there are costs and/or geographical issues in finding and using a suitable, experienced person.
Research in Librarianship - Impact Evaluation Study (RiLIES1)
The aim of RiLIES1 was to explore the impact of funded research projects on actual library practice, including the extent to which research output influences services delivery. (A follow-on project - RiLIES2 - used the findings from RiLIES1 to build resources...
The project aimed to establish a communication and information management network to increase democratic engagement in the Western Balkans. The network was managed by the National News Agencies in Albania, Macedonia and Serbia as they began to take on new roles during accession to the EU.
E-democracy Services for Highland Youth Voice
ITC are working with Highland Youth Voice (a democratically elected assembly for young people in the Highland Region) in the development of a suite of e-democracy tools for their website. The current phase of this projects runs from 2005 to 2007 and seeks to expand use and efficacy of the website:...
ITC are working with the Petitions Committee of the German Bundestag to research and report on e-engagement using the e-Petitioner tool in order to support their Public Petitions agenda. We have taken our existing e-Petitioner System, and redesigned it in collaboration with their Online Services...
How can Local Authorities be sure that eDemocracy works? How can they be sure that they are using the right e-enabled tool for the job and that the use of these tools will result in effective input to the democratic process? And what about citizens?
e-engaging young Scotland on radioactive waste management
The ITC is being funded by the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department (SEERAD) to research appropriate tools and techniques to engage young people in their continuing dialogue on radioactive waste management.
EDEN: Electronic Democracy European Network
The ITC's role is to identify what officials and the public require and to evaluate the likely impact of the EDEN software toolkit. This toolkit is a set of web-based applications that use Natural Language Processing (NLP) technology.
Added Value Access to New Technologies and services on the Internet (IST-2000-28585). AVANTI aims to use digital avatars in public service provision, with the objective of increasing the acceptability of technology for the use of citizens.


Leo Appleton
Research student
+44 131 455
Tessa Berg
+44 131 455
Lyndsey Jenkins
Research student
+44 131 455
Louise Rasmussen
Research Student
+44 131 455
Colin F Smith
Senior Lecturer
+44 131 455 2774
Zhe Wang
Research student
+44 131 455 2303
Jan M. Auernhammer
Visiting Scholar, Center for Design Research, Stanford University
+44 131 455
Emma Hart
Director of CEC
+44 131 455 2783
John Morrison
Programme Leader & Lecturer
+44 131 455 2763
Frances Ryan
Research student
+44 131 455
Ella Taylor-Smith
Senior Research Fellow
+44 131 455 2392


Meharg, D., Taylor-Smith, E., Varey, A., Mooney, C., Dallas, S. (2017). An enhanced route from FE to HE graduation?. Journal of Perspectives in Applied Academic Practice, 5, (2), 85-92.

Smith, S., Smith, C., Taylor-Smith, E., Fotheringham, J. (2017). In search of graduate employability: An exploration of student identity. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 18, (1), 15–24.

Smith, S., Smith, C., Taylor-Smith, E., Fotheringham, J. (2017). Towards graduate employment: exploring student identity through a university-wide employability project. Journal of Further and Higher Education, , (), .

Taylor-Smith, E., Smith, S., Smith, C. (2017, ). Placement or practicalities? Barriers and disincentives to work experience, as reported by computing students. Paper presented at Society for Research into Higher Education Annual Conference, Newport, Wales.

Buchanan, W., Deursen, N. (2016). HI-risk: A Method to Analyse Health Information Risk Intelligence. In: (Ed.) IEEE 15th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications & Services, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Munich, Germany: . IEEE.

Duff, A. (2016). Inspecting the bad society? Bentham’s panopticon revisited. In: (Ed.) The Asian Conference on Technology, Information and Society 2015, Kobe, Japan, Official Conference Proceedings, , () ( ed.). (pp. 13-25). Nagoya, Aichi, Japan: . The International Academic Forum.

Duff, A. (2016). Rating the revolution: Silicon Valley in normative perspective. Information, Communication & Society, 19, (), .

Forrest, E., Duff, A. (2016). The ecology of the ePundit: surveying the new opinion-making landscape. First Monday, 21, (4), .

Killick, L., Hall, H., Duff, A., Deakin, M. (2016). The census as an information source in public policy-making. Journal of Information Science, 42, (3), 386-395.

Mowbray, J., Raeside, R., Hall, H., Robertson, P. (2016). Social networking sites and employment status: an investigation based on Understanding Society data. In: (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Data Information and Information Management Conference (IDIMC), , () ( ed.). (pp. 75-85). Loughborough: . LISU.

Mowbray, J., Hall, H., Raeside, R., Robertson, P. (2016, June). The role of networking and social media tools during job search: an information behaviour perspective. Paper presented at Conceptions of Library and Information Science (CoLIS) 9, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Ryan, F., Cruickshank, P., Hall, H., Lawson, A. (2016). Personal online reputation: the development of an approach to investigate how personal reputation is evaluated and managed in online environments. In: (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Data Information and Information Management Conference (IDIMC), , () ( ed.). (pp. 98-108). Loughborough: . LISU.

Taylor-Smith, E., Smith, C. (2016). Non-public eParticipation in Social Media Spaces. In: Gruzd, A., Jacobson, J., Mai, P., Ruppert, E., Murthy, D. (Eds.) Proceedings of SMSociety '16, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). : . ACM.

Duff, A. (2015). Key principles of the good information society. In: Kommers, P., Isaias, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of 13th IADIS International Conference on e-Society, , () ( ed.). (pp. 175-182). Lisbon: . International Association for Development of the Information Society.

Duff, A. (2015). Needing NoDI (normal democratic information)? The problem of information poverty in post-industrial society. Information, Communication and Society, 18, (1), 63-77.

Duff, A. (2015). The information society. In: (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, , () (2 ed.). (pp. 83-89). Oxford: . Elsevier.

Forrest, E., Hall, H. (2015, June). Blipfoto: A new return to the beginning of photography. Paper presented at International Visual Sociology Association Annual Conference 2015, Tinos, Greece.

Hall, H. (2015, June). Meeting the challenges of LIS research: a national coalition approach. Paper presented at Third International Seminar on Education and Research in Library and Information Science, Barcelona, Spain.

Killick, L., Deakin, M., Duff, A., Hall, H. (2015, June). The role of the census in public policy-making: information practices of policy makers. Paper presented at Information: interactions and impact (i3) 2015, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Mowbray, J., Hall, H., Raeside, R. (2015, June). Could social networking online help NEET young people gain employment?. Paper presented at Information: interactions and impact (i3) 2015, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Mowbray, J., Hall, H. (2015, June). The impact of community grassroots campaigns on public library closures in the UK. Paper presented at Information: interactions and impact (i3) 2015, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Ryan, F., Cruickshank, P., Hall, H., Lawson, A. (2015, June). Assessing the available and accessible evidence: How personal reputations are determined and managed online. Paper presented at Information: interactions and impact (i3) 2015, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland.

Crawford, J., Irving, C. (2014). Information literacy, policy issues and employability. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Comparative Studies, Volume 1, (No. 2), 8—25.

Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., Smith, C. (2014). 'Hyperlocal e-democracy'? The experience of Scotland's Community Councils. In: Parycek, P., Edelmann, N. (Eds.) CeDEM14 Proceedings, , () (2014 ed.). (pp. 73-84). Krems, Austria: . Edition Donau-Universität Krems.

Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., Smith, C. (2014). Disconnected Democracy? A Survey Of Scottish Community Councils’ Online Presences. Scottish Affairs, 23, (4), 486-507.

Farrenkopf, T., Guckert, M., Hoffmann, B., Urquhart, N. (2014). AGADE How Individual Guidance Leads to Group Behaviour and How This Can Be Simulated. In: Muller, J., Weyrich, M., Bazzan, A. (Eds.) Multiagent System Technologies, LNCS 8732, () ( ed.). (pp. 234-250). : . Springer Verlag.

Forrest, E., Hall, H. (2014, March). Between exhibition and contemplation: considering everyday routines on Blipfoto. Paper presented at Helsinki Photomedia 2014, Aalto University.

Forrest, E., Duff, A. (2014, March). Refusing to serve ‘the most effortless food’: Reflections on the absence of photography in opinion pages and the use of the image within ePunditry. Paper presented at Helsinki Photomedia 2014, Aalto University.

Jarman, D., Theodoraki, E., Hall, H., Ali-Knight, J. (2014). Social network analysis and festival cities: an exploration of concepts, literature and methods. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 5, (3), 311-322.

Smith, C. (2014). Book Review: Mobile Technologies: from Telecommunications to Media. Telecommunications Policy, 38, (1), 119-121.

van Deursen (Hazelhoff Roelfze, N. (2014). HI-Risk: a Socio-Technical Method for the Identification and Monitoring of Healthcare Information Security Risks in the Information Society (PhD). Edinburgh Napier University (Duff, P., Buchanan, W.).

Duff, A. (2013). Pundit for Post-Industrial Times? Walter Lippmann as an Information Society Theorist. Information, Communication and Society, 16, (6), 967-988.

Taylor-Smith, E. (2013). Review of Facebook Democracy. The Architecture of Disclosure and the Threat to Public Life by J.Marichal. Information Polity, 18, (4), 367-370.

Irving, C. (2012). Engaging and influencing policy and the curriculum – the Scottish Information Literacy Project experience. In: Rankin, C., Brock, A. (Eds.) Library services for children and young people: Challenges and opportunities in the digital age, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). London, UK: . Facet.

Kimpeler, S., Lindner, R., Taylor-Smith, E., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P. (2012, July 2012). Supporting young people's political participation through distributed discussion - lessons obtained from an EU pilot. Paper presented at IPSA World Congress, Madrid, Spain.

Lazar, J., Abascal, J., Davis, J., Evers, V., Gulliksen, J., Jorge, Joaquim A., McEwan, T., Paternò, F., Persson, H., Prates, R., Axelson, H., Winckler, M., Wulf, V. (2012). HCI public policy activities in 2012: a 10-country discussion. Interactions, 19, (3), 78-81.

Taylor-Smith, E., Kimpeler, S., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P. (2012). Distributed discussion: an integrated eParticipation model for engaging young people in technology policy. In: Charalabidis, Y., Koussouris, S. (Eds.) Empowering Open and Collaborative Governance, , () ( ed.). (pp. 181-198). Berlin Heidelberg: . .

Taylor-Smith, E. (2012). Participation Spaces. In: Scholl, H., Flak, L., Janssen, M., Macintosh, A., Sæbø, Ø., Tambouris, E., Moe, C., Wimmer, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of Fourth international conference on eParticipation (ePart 2012), , () ( ed.). (pp. 223-230). Kristiansand, Norway: . Trauner.

Berg, T., Pooley, R., Queenan, J. (2011). Achieving Consensus within SSM. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1, (4), .

Duff, A. (2011). The Rawls-Tawney Theorem and the Digital Divide in Postindustrial Society. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 62, (3), 604-612.

Duff, A. (2010). Daniel Bell's theory of the information society. In: Smart, B. (Ed.) Post-Industrial Society, Vol. III, () ( ed.). (pp. 201-232). : . Sage.

Duff, A. (2010). The age of access? Information policy and social progress. In: Negrine, R. (Ed.) Communications Policy: Theories and Issues, , () ( ed.). (pp. 49-64). London: . Palgrave Publishers.

Duff, A. (2010, March 17). The Holy Grail of a viable press. The Journal, .

Duff, A. (2010). The Information Society. In: Priest, S. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication, 1, () ( ed.). (pp. 397-400). New York: . Sage.

Gibson, G., McCusker, P., Taylor-Smith, E. (2010, June). Online Tools and their Impact on Young People. Paper presented at ECEG 2010 10th European Conference on eGovernment, University of Limerick, Ireland.

Taylor-Smith, E. (2010, December). eParticipation to support the Information Society. Paper presented at ePractice workshop on eParticipation, European Commission, Brussels.

Taylor-Smith, E., Lindner, R. (2010). Social networking tools supporting constructive involvement throughout the policy-cycle. In: Parycek, P., Prosser, A. (Eds.) Proceedings of EDEM 2010 - Conference on Electronic Democracy, May 7-8, 2010, Danube-University Krems, Austria, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Vienna, Austria: . Austrian Computer Society.

Duff, A. (2009). Rethinking the digital divide: from philanthropy to isonomia. In: (Ed.) New Media & Information: Convergences & Divergences International Conference 2009, Panteion University, Athens, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). : . .

Duff, A. (2009, ). The Rawls-Tawney theorem and the political economy of cyberspace. Paper presented at Cyberspace 2009, 7th Annual Conference, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Riley, C., Buckner, K., Johnson, G., Benyon, D. (2009). Culture & biometrics: regional differences in the perception of biometric authentication technologies. AI Soc., 24, (3), 295-306.

Taylor-Smith, E., Buckner, K. (2009). Designing e-Participation with Balkan journalists. JeDEM: eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government, 1, (1), .

Taylor-Smith, E., Lindner, R. (2009). Using Social Networking Tools to Promote eParticipation Initiatives. In: Prosser, A., Parycek, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of EDEM 2009 - Conference on Electronic Democracy, September 7-8, 2009, Vienna, , () ( ed.). (pp. 115 -121). Vienna: . Austrian Computer Society.

Duff, A. (2008). Documentation and utopia: Fabian anticipations of the information society. In: Rayward, B. (Ed.) European Modernism and the Information Society, , () ( ed.). (pp. 185-199). : . Ashgate.

Duff, A. (2008). Information liberation? The relations of freedom and knowledge in social-democratic thought. In: Stehr, N. (Ed.) Knowledge and Democracy: a 21st Century Perspective, , () ( ed.). (pp. 199-215). New Brunswick [NJ]: . Transaction Publishers.

Duff, A. (2008). Powers in the land? British political columnists in the information era. Journalism Practice, 2, (2), 231-245.

Duff, A. (2008). R. H. Tawney. In: (Ed.) Macmillan International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences , 8, () ( ed.). (pp. 271-272). Detroit: . Macmillan Reference USA.

Duff, A. (2008). The European information society: scholarly and official perspectives. Journal of the Japan Society of Information and Communication Research, 26 , (3), 29-31.

Duff, A. (2008). The normative crisis of the information society. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace , 2, (1), Article 3.

Taylor-Smith, E., Buckner, K. (2008). Designing e-Participation with Balkan Journalists v1. In: Parycek, P., Prosser, A. (Eds.) EDem08 E-Democracy Conference, 29th – 30th September 2008, Danube University Krems, Austria, , () ( ed.). (pp. 135 - 144). Vienna: . Austrian Computer Society.

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2006). Organised use of e-democracy tools for young people. In: Wimmer, M., Scholl, H., Grönlund, Å., Anderson, K. (Eds.) Electronic Government: Communications of the Fifth International EGOV Conference 2006, , () ( ed.). (pp. 260-267). Berlin, Germany: . Springer-Verlag.

Macintosh, A., Smith, E., Whyte, A. (2005). E-Consultation, Controversy and Youth. In: Cunningham, P., Cunningham, M. (Eds.) Innovation and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Application, Case Studies;, , () ( ed.). (pp. 730-737). Slovenia: . IOS Press.

Masters, Z., Macintosh, A., Smith, E. (2004). Young People and E-Democracy: Creating a Culture of Participation. In: (Ed.) Proceedings of Third International Conference in E-Government, EGOV 2004, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Berlin, Germany: . Springer-Verlag.

Macintosh, A., Robson, E., Smith, E., Whyte, A. (2003). Electronic Democracy and Young People. Social Science Computer Review, 21, (1), 43-54.

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2003). Culture and context in an online voting system for young people. In: Duquenoy, P., Fischer-Hubner, S., Hovast, J., Zuccato, A. (Eds.) IFIP Summer School: 'Risks and Challenges of the Network Society', , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Karlstad, Sweden: . .

Smith, E., Macintosh, A. (2003). E-voting: the powerful symbol of e-democracy. In: (Ed.) DEXA 2003, the 2nd International Conference on Electronic Government - EGOV 2003, , () ( ed.). (pp. ). Prague, Czech Republic: . DEXA.

Whyte, A. (2003, September 2003). Conversations with Non-Human Actors in E-Democracy. Paper presented at ECSCW e-Democracy Workshop, Helsinki, Finland.

Macintosh, A., Smith, E. (2002). Citizen Participation in Public Affairs. In: Traunmuller, R., Lenk, K. (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science, , () ( ed.). (pp. 256-264). : . Springer-Verlag.

Smith, E., Macintosh, A., Whyte, A. (2002). Invisibility Vs Transparency. In: (Ed.) 16th British HCI Conference London, 2, () (2 ed.). (pp. 166-70). London, UK: . .