01/09/1999 - 31/10/2002

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The PEDFLOW (PEDestrian FLOW) project is concerned with the development of a microscopic model of pedestrian movement in a congested urban environment. Autonomous agent technology is utilised to represent each pedestrian as an agent capable of making its own decisions based upon a part of the observable scene local to that pedestrian. The model utilises a single rule set that is made specific to each agent by the incorporation of parameters specific to that pedestrian. It is used to evaluate infrastructural changes intended to promote walking in the urban environment. Verification of the model is achieved by a series of before and after experiments in which the area to be modelled is video taped before and after an infrastructural change. Automated analysis of the video tape enables the extraction of behavioural patterns to determine any changes in behaviour. This is then further analysed to determine whether the rule set needs modification to capture any behavioural changes.
PEDFLOW is a Research Councils project funded by EPSRC. Carried out in collaboration with and others. For further information please refer to .
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Project Team

Jon Kerridge
+44 131 455 2777
Robert Kukla
Senior Research Fellow
+44 131 455 2738

Associated Publications

Willis, A., Kukla, R., Kerridge, J. (2004). Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: Implications for the design and modelling of effective pedestrian environments. Environment and Planning B: Design and Planning, 31, (6), 805-828.

Kukla, R., Willis, A., Kerridge, J. (2002). Application of context-mediated behavior to a multi-agent pedestrian flow model (PEDFLOW). Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (TRB), , (82th), 22-222.

Willis, A., Kukla, R., Kerridge, J., Hine, J. (2002). Laying the foundations: the use of video footage to explore pedestrian dynamics in PEDFLOW. In: Schreckenberg, M., Sharma, S. (Eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, , () ( ed.). (pp. 181-186). Berlin Heidelberg: . Springer-Verlag.

Kerridge, J., Hine, J. (2001). Agent based modelling of pedestrian movements:. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 28, (), 327-341.

Kukla, R., Kerridge, J., Willis, A., Hine, J. (2001). PEDFLOW: Development of an Autonomous Agent Model of Pedestrian Flow. Transportation Research Record, 1774, (), 11-17.

Willis, A., Kukla, R., Kerridge, J. (2000, September). Developing the Behavioural Rules for an Agent-based Model of Pedestrian Movement. Paper presented at 25th European Transport Congress, Cambridge, UK.

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